Innovation. David Kreutzweiser, Frederick Beall, Kara Webster, Dean Thompson, Irena Creed. Environmental sustainability versus economic interests: a search for good governance in a macroeconomic perspective. were mostly <0.025 μg/L in winter and 0.030 μg/L in summer, except near oil sands upgrading facilities and tailings ponds in winter (0.031-0.083 μg/L) and downstream of new development in summer (0.063-0.135 μg/L). Silane surface modified ceramic membranes for the treatment and recycling of SAGD produced water. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering. Jacob G. Englander, Adam R. Brandt, Amgad Elgowainy, Hao Cai, Jeongwoo Han, Sonia Yeh, and Michael Q. Wang . From up here, 1,000 feet above a deeply gouged, gray vista of rubble that used to be bogs and forest, it’s plain that the tar mining and refining industry have turned this region inside out. US citizens have become concerned with the Keystone XL pipeline but not generally with where the oil originates. We investigate uncertainties about conventional petroleum resources and substitutes for conventional petroleum, focusing on the impact of these uncertainties on future greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Julia M. Foght, Lisa M. Gieg, Tariq Siddique. In Alberta, the Water Act sets out the regulations related to the allocation of all surface water and groundwater. According to the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (CAPP), mining of tar sands has disturbed nearly 300 square miles of forest and peat marsh, known as muskeg. Using Infrastructure Optimization to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Oil Sands Extraction and Processing. Though less discussed internationally due to to their inherently local nature, land and water impacts can be severe. It’s a horrible impact.". Charles E. West, Alan G. Scarlett, Andrew Tonkin, Devon O'Carroll-Fitzpatrick, Jos Pureveen, Erik Tegelaar, Rafal Gieleciak, Darcy Hager, Karina Petersen, Knut-Erik Tollefsen, Steven J. Rowland. from bioavailable nutrients, plant community compn., litter decompn. Drying Behavior of Mature Fine Tailings Pre-Dewatered With Super-Absorbent Polymer (SAP): Column Experiments. Oil sands mining facilities are fairly water intensive. Ecosystem function was estd. Charles E. West, Alan G. Scarlett, Andrew Tonkin, Devon O'Carroll-Fitzpatrick, Jos Pureveen, Erik Tegelaar, Rafal Gieleciak, Darcy Hager, Karina Petersen, Knut-Erik Tollefsen, Steven J. Rowland. Target pollutants and treatment objectives, Process water treatment in Canada's oil sands industry: I. Beatriz Rodríguez-Labajos, Joan Martínez-Alier. The issue of low flows in the winter in rivers affected by oil sands operations by developing the Water Management Framework for the Lower Athabasca River. We analyze a diverse set of environmental data on water and sediment chem., contaminants in wildlife, air emissions, pollution incidents, traditional ecol. were ≤4.8 μg/L, thus, spring snowmelt and washout during rain events are important unknowns. Online application system for approvals, approval amendments and Code of Practice notices under the Water Act. Industrial innovation and infrastructure as drivers of change in the Canadian boreal zone Also, tailings pond operators are required by law to keep several meters of freeboard (i.e., the difference between the top of the water level and the top of the dyke). The attention of the world's scientific community is urgently needed. A previous initiative, for example, investigated a Triad land management approach. Over an even larger area, mercury contamination has befouled fish and birds. changes that result from tar sands industrial activities are detectable. Water samples taken all along the Athabasca River network are periodically compared to historical data to determine if the water quality or composition is changing. This water is always contained on-site and never allowed to be released back to the river or the environment. Learn more about how water is used in the Alberta oil sands and what's being done to reduce fresh water consumption rates. He’s now an emeritus professor at the University of Alberta, and at this stage of his career, he speaks bluntly of the industry’s effects. The environmental impact of the oil sands is an issue that has been extremely divisive. Researcher Nicholas Beyer has taken it upon himself to address this problem. The Environmental Assessment process examines the effects that a proposed project may have on the environment. This requires an oil sands to water ratio of at least 1-to-1 (or 50% water) within the slurry stream. Environmental impact of Alberta tar sands 'horrible,' expert says (PHOTOS) ... a gooey crude oil found in subterranean deposits mixed with water, sand and clay. Anis Roshani, Mamadou Fall, Kevin Kennedy. When Comparing Alternative Fuel-Vehicle Systems, Life Cycle Assessment Studies Should Consider Trends in Oil Production. Though less discussed internationally due to to their inherently local nature, land and water impacts can be severe. All along the way, the oil producers release waste mixed with toxic compounds into air, land and water. Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act approvals According to the Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act (EPEA), you must obtain approval for certain land, water … Now mining spokesman and regulators tout a $50 million-per-year, industry-funded monitoring program that could, in time, indicate if the industry poses any threats. The ADEPT system helps automate and streamline business processes needed to meet legislative land use requirements in Alberta. 36 publications. When Comparing Alternative Fuel-Vehicle Systems, Life Cycle Assessment Studies Should Consider Trends in Oil Production. Environmental consequences of oil production from oil sands. Through nearly half a century of such work, the huge factories have filled dozens of ponds with a combined surface the size of Manhattan and a volume that could bury that entire fuel-hungry island in two stories of poisonous sludge. the Altmetric Attention Score and how the score is calculated. Target pollutants and treatment objectives, https://chemport.cas.org/services/resolver?origin=ACS&resolution=options&coi=1%3ACAS%3A528%3ADC%252BD1cXnvFKjsL0%253D&md5=56819e1a34e25ae940375d070a73c53d, Government of Alberta, Environment and Water, Tradable land use rights for cumulative environmental effects management. In this paper we det. If less water was used in the refining process, less gas would be required to heat it. layer appeared to be facilitated by the presence of shrubs. observations, human health, and landscape changes from the Athabasca Tar Sands region, Canada. Kelly, Erin N.; Schindler, David W.; Hodson, Peter V.; Short, Jeffrey W.; Radmanovich, Roseanna; Nielsen, Charlene C. We show that the oil sands industry releases the 13 elements considered priority pollutants (PPE) under the US Environmental Protection Agency's Clean Water Act, via air and water, to the Athabasca River and its watershed. In melted snow, dissolved PAC concns. Brackish or basal water is too saline for use as drinking water or for agriculture. Expansion of oil sands development results not only in the release of greenhouse gas emissions, but also impacts land and water resources. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry. Many hold tailings—the dregs after desirable constituents are removed from ore. the Altmetric Attention Score and how the score is calculated. Industrial innovation and infrastructure as drivers of change in the Canadian boreal zone I acknowledge helpful reviews and comments provided by Dr. David Victor at the University of California, San Diego as well as from three anonymous reviewers. FORT MCMURRAY, Alberta, Canada — The four-seat plane we’ve hired circles one of the factory complexes owned by Suncor, one of the world’s largest processors of bitumen, a gooey crude oil found in subterranean deposits mixed with water, sand and clay. Expansion of oil sands development results not only in the release of greenhouse gas emissions, but also impacts land and water resources. were lower on all reclamation treatments. His photo of a freeway near my home in Boston, for instance, opened my eyes to the twisted knot of rush hour cars arriving at a local interchange, that unfurls farther down the road. of measurements of ecosystem function, reclamation treatments of several age classes were compared with a range of natural forest ecotypes to discover which treatments had created ecosystems similar to natural forest ecotypes and at what age this occurred. Canada's or Alberta's guidelines for the protection of aquatic life were exceeded for seven PPE - cadmium, copper, lead, mercury, nickel, silver, and zinc - in melted snow and/or water collected near or downstream of development. Citations are the number of other articles citing this article, calculated by Crossref and updated daily. Clicking on the donut icon will load a page at altmetric.com with additional details about the score and the social media presence for the given article. Fortuitously, the period since European settlement appears to have been the wettest century of the past two millennia. The World needs you. According to the Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act (EPEA), you must obtain approval for certain land, water and air projects. Tailings ponds are lined with compacted sand and a layer of very fine clay. Water samples are taken both upstream and downstream of the oil sands and the any municipal waste-water treatment facilities to determine what impact these facilities are having on Alberta's fresh water supply. Surface mining has been reported to use from 3 to 4.5 barrels of water per barrel of bitumen produced. Efforts to manage impacts, such as zoning and monitoring programs, are then discussed. There is no expanded citation for this reference. The Canadian Geographer / Le Géographe canadien. Alex had told me I’d be sorry if I looked down to take computer notes during the flight. Integrated landscape mangement involves the coordination of industries to reduce land disturbance (e.g., sharing roads). This is generally reserved for winter operation where the Athabasca River water level can run below normal. Based on the heating values of the fuels, it would take all 66 million ha of Alberta approximately 210 years to produce the same amount of energy contained in the oil sands from corn ethanol in the U.S. The companies that profit from digging out the ore say they will clean up these huge sites after they’re done digging out ore. (2-3°) caused delays in hatch of mountain whitefish eggs (at 6.5 mg/L DO), reduced mass of bull trout alevins post-hatch (at 5.0 mg/L DO), extended the burbot spawning period (at 6.0 mg/L DO), and depressed feeding rates and lowered survival of the mayfly, Baetis tricaudatus, (at 5 mg/L DO). 1. process leaving millions of cubic meters of tailings for disposal. Concns. This guide outlines the process on how to apply for a public lands disposition in Alberta. On average, a typical oil sands mine requires about 3 barrels of fresh water to produce one barrel of oil from the oil sands. She earned her PhD in 2009 at the University of Calgary in Environmental Design with the Energy and Environmental Systems Group of ISEEE. A typical in-situ facility recycles about 90% of the water used on site. Water use from oil sands development is not without impacts and uncertainties. Timothy J. Wallington, James E. Anderson, Robert D. De Kleine, Hyung Chul Kim, Heiko Maas, Adam R. Brandt, Gregory A. Keoleian.
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